Disciplines

Guide of  disciplines offered in the program. Each student much complete three mandatory discipline and at least two others which can be chosen freely.

NMA – 101: Materials science: Chemical bonds. Crystal structure; defects in crystals; mechanical properties; magnetic and electrical properties; optical properties; thermal properties.

NMA – 102: Nanoscience and nanotechnology: What are the nanoscience and nanotechnology systems of low dimensionality: quantum confinement (3D > 0D), chemical bonds; structural and electronic properties; synthesis and fabrication of nanomaterials: top-down and down-top, fullerenes and carbon nanotubes, molecular self-organization and supramolecular systems; quantum wires and quantum dots; magnetic nanoparticles; chemical processes: precipitation, solvothermal processes (hydrothermal), sol-gel processes; Pechini method; characterization techniques: X-ray diffraction and X-ray absorption; scanning tunneling microscopy (STM); atomic force microscopy (APM); electronic microscopy; transport properties: ballistic transport, quantum conductance; nanomagnetism: magnetic order; superparamagnetism; spintronic; applications.

NMA – 103: Seminars in nanosciences and advanced materials: The students will attend seminars ministered by guests and they will present reports or will do some exams about them.

 NMA – 501: Instructing internship I: (Link to norms and procedures)

 NMA – 502: Instructing internship II: (Link to norms and procedures – Resolução Consep Nº 75)

 NMA – 201: Biomaterials: Definition of biomaterials; reactions of the biological system to the biomaterial; physicochemical interactions on biomaterials surfaces; materials degradation in a biological environment; applications of biomaterials and devices; introduction to the biomechanical and molecular properties of cells and tissues.

 NMA – 202: Polymer Science: Macromolecule structure; polymers in solution; the amorphous state; the crystalline state; thermal, optical and mechanical properties; transitions in polymers; principles of rheology and polymer processing.

 NMA – 203 – Polymer blends: Polymer blends: why blending two or more polymers? Types of polymer blends; thermodynamics of polymer blends; miscible and immiscible blends; polymer blends techniques; morphology influence on polymer blend properties; interfaces and compatibility of polymer blends; polymer blends characterization techniques.

 NMA – 204 – Crystallography and X-ray Diffraction: Features of radiation – X-rays; crystalline state; X-ray scattering by atoms and molecules; X-ray diffraction by crystals; determination of space groups; experimental methods for X-ray diffraction data collection; diffracted intensities; structure determination; analysis using the Rietveld method; applications: Study of crystalline and non-crystalline materials; synchrotron radiation: characteristics and applications.

 NMA – 205 – Physics of the Condensed Matter I: Crystal structure; crystalline bonds; symmetries: Bravais lattices and reciprocal lattice; phonons: Vibrations and thermal properties; free electrons gas; energy bands; Bloch theorem; Semiconductor materials; magnetic materials.

 NMA – 206 – Physic of the condensed Matter II: Transport properties: phenomenology; electron-phonon interaction; resistivity of metals and alloys; conductivity and Hall effect; magneto resistance; lattice effects; optical properties: Druide-Zener theory; interband transitions; photoemission; superconductivity: specific heat; isotope effect; characteristic bonds; pairing hypothesis; BCS theory; strongly correlated superconductors; Meissner effect; Ginzburg-Landau equations; macroscopic states in the superconductor; polarons and excitons: electron coupling to the ionic lattice; Polaron theory; ground state energy and effective mass, excitons; exciton phases.

 NMA – 207 – Magnetism: Magnetic field; magnetization and magnetic moment; magnetic measurements; magnetic materials; magnetism in materials: diamagnetic; paramagnetic; ferromagnetic; antiferromagnetic; ferrimagnetic; hysteresis curves: domains; anisotropy; reversible and irreversible processes; magnetic order and critical phenomenon; electronic magnetic moment; quantum theory of the magnetism; technological applications.

NMA – 208 – Materials and electronic and photonic devices: Semiconductor materials; carrier transport phenomenon;  P-N junctions; transistors; MOSFET; diodes; photonic devices; introduction and classification of the photodetection phenomenon. Optical processes in semiconductors: conception, recombination and luminescence; optical and infra-red detectors: photoconductive, P-I-N, avalanche, heterojunctions, Schottky barrier; photosensitive detectors; LED’S and semiconductor lasers; devices based in variable GAP structures; image devices; optical fiber; semiconductor-based optical amplifier ; semiconductor nanostructures for applications in optoelectronic.

NMA – 209 – Computational methods in materials and nanostructures: Introduction and basic concepts; potential interactions and energy minimization; Monte Carlo methods and molecular dynamics; quantum methods: Hartree – Fock; functional density theory; simple molecules; applications in solid; applications in simple fluids; applications in surfaces and imperfections.

NMA – 2010 – Microscopy: Historical, notions of optical microscopy; interactions of the radiation with matter; magnetic lenses; transmission electron microscope (TEM); scanning electron microscope (SEM); microanalysis: Description of the methods; characteristic spectrum of X-rays emission; energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS); wavelength-dispersive spectroscopy (WDS); microanalysis X-rays in TEM and SEM; electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS); tunneling electron microscope, atomic force microscope and its derivatives.

NMA – 211 – Fundamentals of quantum mechanics: Quantum mechanics review (Operators, conservation laws and Schrodinger equation; harmonic oscillator; hydrogen atom; angular momentum; approximation techniques (perturbation theory, vibrational theorem and Hellman-Feynman theorem).

NMA – 212 – Processing of polymeric materials: Physical principles of the polymer processing; rheological and thermal properties important in the polymers processing; homogenization and blend processes; compression molding; transfers molding; thermoforming; calendaring; relational molding; extrusion; injection molding; spinning; rubber vulcanization; problem-solving in the polymers processing; principles of computer simulation of the polymers processing.

NMA – 2013: Processing and characteristics of advanced ceramics: Processes and ceramic products; production and characterization of post-ceramic; characteristics of solid ceramics:  crystal structure (including glasses); structural imperfections (2D Defects); surfaces; interfaces and grain boundaries (2D Defects); atomic mobility (diffusion); ceramic microstructure: equilibrium diagram; phase transformation; glasses and glass-ceramics; reactions in the sold state sintering; ceramic properties: optical; mechanical; thermal; electrical; magnetic; synthesis  and ceramic materials processing; forming principles: pressing, extrusion, injection, collage, tape-casting. Post-shaping processes: drying, coverage, burn, subsequent treatments; applications of ceramic materials.

NMA – 214: Optical properties of the materials: Optical materials: semiconductors, metals and insulators; glasses and polymers; classical propagation of light: atomic and vibrational oscilators; Lorentz and Drude model; interband absorption; excitons: concepts, free electrons and Frenkel excitons; luminescence: electroluminescence and photoluminescence; quantum multilevel structures: electronic levels, absorption and emission; phonons: reflectivity and infrared absorption, Brillouin and Raman scattering; non-linear optics: first-, second-and third-order non-linear effects; non-linear effects in optical fibers.

NMA – 215: Rheology: Rheology definition and Deborah humber; conservation equations; stress and deformation; ideal materials: Hookean solids, Newtonian liquids; non-ideal materials: time-independent fluids, time-dependent fluids; viscoelasticity: Voigt, Maxwell and Burgers models, relaxation spectrum; rheology of blend polymers; suspension rheology; emulsion rheology.

NMA – 216: Thermodynamics of the condensed matter: laws of the thermodynamics; statistical thermodynamics; phase transitions and phase diagrams; thermodynamics of chemical reactions; thermodynamic properties of solutions: liquid-liquid, solid-liquid and solid-solid; surfaces and interfaces thermodynamics.

NMA – 217: Nanocomposites: definition of nanocompósitos; charge types in nanometric scale; nanocomposites with metallic, polymeric or ceramic matrix; synthesis and preparation methods of nanocomposites; nanocomposites properties; processing and conformation of nanocomposites and the influence in their properties; modeling of nanocomposites.

NMA – 218: Foundations of the celular biology: Introduction to the microscopic world of a cell, its origins, diversity, specialization, organization and interaction with others. Most important techniques to the study and experimental analysis of cell regarding its molecular components, organelles and their functions, differences between eucaryotes and procaryotes cells of animals and vegetal. The principal biochemical and biophysical processes that rule the function of organelles like the energy production in the mitochondries and the expression of the nucleus of the gene, as well as the signaling processes mediated by membranes and important toe the intra and intercell communication. Introduction to the basic concepts of cell cycles the rule division, reproduction, survival and death of cells.

NMA – 219: Diffusion in solids: Historical introduction and context of diffusion in solids, introduction to the transport of mass in solids, the diffusion phenomenon and the Fick’s law, introduction to the mathematical solution of the 2nd Fick law for different initial and boundary conditions, diffusion mechanisms, Darken laws, self-diffusion, diffusion in perfect and real crystals, diffusion in metals, diffusion in polymers, diffusion in ceramics, study of diffusion cases.

NMA – 220: Inorganic materials: introduction to solid-state chemistry: ionic, molecular, macromolecular and metallic solids; chemical bond and structure. Physical methods of solid characterization; main synthesis methods of inorganic materials. Some inorganic materials classes.

NMA – 221: Advanced materials for fuel cells applications ( Já traduzido no site)

NMA – 222: Corrosion: Fundaments, techniques and protection methods: Corrosion economic impact. Corrosion ways. Corrosion mechanisms. Electrochemical techniques for the evaluation of the properties of the materials corrosion. Monitoring techniques of the corrosive processes. Control methods of the corrosion speed. Corrosion and degradation in ceramic and polymeric materials.

NMA -223: Adhesion: Fundamentals and applications: Theoretical models of adhesion: mechanical, chemical, electrostatic, thermodynamic and interdiffusion. Adhesives families. Healing processes of adhesives: anaerobic, hydrolysis, solvents evaporation; thermal variation and bio components adhesives. Influence of the polymeric structures on the properties of the adhesives. Characterization methods of the adhesive interfaces and of the materials properties. Industrial applications.

 NMA – 224: Biodegradable materials:  Materials classes. Residues and their toxicity. Environmental impacts. Types of biodegradable materials. Biodegradation mechanisms. Factors interfering in the biodegradability. Methods and rules of biodegradation. Ecotoxicity aspects in the biodegradation of polymers and pollutants.

NMA – 402: Investigation methods in nanoscience and advances materials: Photophysics, photochemistry and surface Plasmon resonance. X-ray scattering; light scattering, nanoparticles, micelles, proteins, vesicles, polymers in solution and membrane models. Langmuir-Blodgett and self-assembled films, interfaces, non-linear optics, sensors and biosensors. Modeling of nanometric systems; classic Monte Carlo; density of the functional theory.